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who change schools frequently make less academic progress than their
peers, as each time they change schools they fall farther and farther
behind (Trout et al., 2008). Children in foster care experience
more school transfers, obtain special education classifications at higher
rates, are retained at greater rates, and have more disciplinary actions
than youth who are not in foster care (Reynolds et. al., 2009, Scherr,
2007; Stone, 2007; Trout et al., 2008). As a result, foster youth have low
levels of academic achievement (Reynolds et. al., 2009; Wolanin, 2005).
Furthermore, school mobility has been associated with youth dropping out
of school and juvenile delinquency (Reynolds et. al., 2009).
Given the established link between the child welfare, juvenile
justice, and the education systems it is imperative that these agencies
begin to work in a more integrated, efficient, and effective manner to
identify and change outdated policies and practices that adversely
The Lucas County Pathways to Success Initiative is funded by the Child Welfare-Education System
Collaborations to Increase Educational Stability grant in the amount of Five
Hundred Thousand Dollars ($500,000.00) through the Administration for Children
and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
The focus of this initiative is to improve the educational outcomes of youth in
foster care. The partnership between Lucas County Children Services, Toledo
Public Schools, Educational Service Center of Lake Erie West, Lucas County
Juvenile Court, and other community stakeholders will highlight a variety of
practices and approaches that will improve educational outcomes for youth in